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FOREST ECOLOGY

sparse pine wood

Forest of VNP in Lüneburg Heath

Forests in various forms were always part of the cultural landscape of the Nature Reserve Lüneburg Heath. And the motto of VNP continues to apply: "Preservation through utilisation!" In addition there are (wooded) areas like different alder swamps where nature takes its course without human interference.
Land used for silvicultural purposes is managed according to the guidelines of the forest management group „Arbeitsgemeinschaft Naturnahe Waldwirtschaft“ (ANW) based on target diameter harvesting regime excluding clear cutting. Further goals are ecologically and economically stable forests of mixed compositions being an enrichment in terms of landscape aesthetics.
Almost 3.000 hectar of broard-leaved, mixed and conifer forests within the Nature Reserve Lüneburg Heath belong to VNP or are leased on a long-time basis.

Principals of foresting

The guidelines of  "Arbeitsgemeinschaft Naturgemäße Waldwirtschaft (ANW)" correspond to the ones of PEFC by which all VNP forests are certified. Indicating...

... to use methods of wood harvesting with minimal damage to the soil, no break-over.

... tree species that are typical of the location and forest communities.

... mixture of tree species of different dimensions and age.

... usage of single trunks by class of size - no clear cuttings.

... acceptable numbers of hoofed game.

... coarse woody debris.

... strictly adhere from biocidal products

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Historic forest use

"Stühbusch"

Stübusch at Wulfsberg

They are intrinsically tied to the cultural landscape of the Lüneburg Heath. Oak trees were cut at its stump just close to the ground for logging firewood and construction timber. Often these trees were budding from the trunk and form bizarre figures today. The rootstock is much older than the trees being visible for us. Every group of oak is one individuum although we can not see the connection over ground.

You can visit one outstanding natural beauty of a historic "Stühbusch" at "Wulfsberg" between Niederhaverbeck and Tütsberg.

The conservation of the still exsisting „Stühbusch“has the same priority to the VNP like the development of new "Stühbusch" with young oak trees, due their importance to a variety of specialised flora and fauna.

Farmyard grove

This special type of grove with its gnarly oak, beech and lime trees defines the view of the villages and the landscape in the Lüneburg Heath. The groves were used by the peasants predominantely to give shelter for the buildings against storm and rain. Besides they were used for gaining lumber and construction wood. In former times they were also used to feed the pigs. It is important to the VNP  to preserve and nourish these groves, outside of the Nature Reserve they had to give way to foreign tree species.

You can visit farmyard groves among others in Wilsede. The VNP takes care of the groves on its own land by sustaining the oak trees and reducing the maple and beech trees.


Forst Tröbitz-Domsdorf: purchase of 260 ha of forest in 2014

The VNP was able to build up a second pillar of asset protection for the foundation Stiftung Naturschutpark in the rural district of Elbe-Elster in southern Brandenburg.

The investment outside of the Lüneburg Heath will protect the VNP-forest against great loss via storms and other wood catastrophies in future. The area around the former briquetting plant "Louise" was sold by the "Bodenverwertungs und –verwaltungs GmbH" (BVVG). Next to typical pine woods on the brown coal mining area also birch, oak, alder, maple, black locust, lime, poplar and ash belong to the local tree speicies. And now also the beaver is free to gnaw on trees of the VNP.

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